What is a Laser Cutter and How Does it Work?

Laser cutting technology is mostly used in the manufacturing sectors by engineers and designers although this is becoming increasingly popular amongst small businesses, schools and hobbyists alike. Laser cutters have a lot of benefits and applications and in this article, I would be talking about what a laser cutter is and how it does work.

What is Laser Cutting?

Laser Cutting is the process whereby a laser beam is used for cutting and piercing through materials so as to cut out complex shapes, patterns, and geometries that have been specified by designers. The materials that can be cut using a laser cutter range from light materials like clothes, paper, and wood to tougher ones such as metals and gemstones. Laser cutters help to deliver an accurate and smooth finish due to the high level of control that it offers.

Types of Laser Cutters

There are three main types of laser cutters; fiber laser cutters, CO2 laser cutters, and the crystal laser cutters.

Fiber Laser Cutter

Fiber lasers belong to the solid state group and are made from “seed laser” which is amplified using special pump diodes and glass fibers. These lasers are mostly employed in the laser marking processes. They can be used to cut both metal and non-metal materials such as plastics and metals. Fiber lasers are cheaper to maintain and they tend to last longer compared to other types.

CO2 Lasers

This type of laser is the most commonly used of the three types of lasers that we have, this is due to the fact that they are relatively inexpensive and they can be used to cut a wide variety of materials.

Crystal Laser Cutters

There are two types of lasers used in this process; the neodymium-doped yttrium aluminum garnet (nd: YAG) and the neodymium-doped yttrium ortho-vanadate (nd: YVO). These crystals have a wavelength of about 1.064mm which makes them suitable to cut both metals and non-metals. Crystal laser cutters are costly to maintain as they are made from expensive pump diodes which cost a lot to replace.

How Does a Laser Cutter Work?

Laser cutters can cut metal with high temperatures and make complex shapes but how do these lasers work exactly? Well, it starts with the use of two mirrors; a gain medium and a light source. Light enters the gain medium and excites the atoms inside to a higher state, after a while the atom would drop back down to the original state to emit a photon. The photon then creates a chain reaction which makes the other excited atoms emit their photons; soon we have a bunch of photons bouncing back and forth between these two layers. Since when the mirrors do not have a reflectivity of 100% some of the photons will pass through and create a laser. Now, that is a general concept of how lasers work.

Laser cutting is a very reliable and accurate cutting process and its benefits cannot be overemphasized. Laser cutters can cut precise shapes into metal with the use of laser beam machining in ways the traditional machining processes cannot that’s the beauty of lasers.…

How Does Laser Cutting Work? Why lasers are used for cutting

The laser cutter is used for most purposes. One of many ways they are used is for slicing metallic plates. On minor steel, stainless, and aluminum dish, the laser trimming process is highly correct, yields excellent lower quality has an extremely small kerf width and small heating affect zone, and makes it possible to cut very complicated figures and small openings.

Most people know that the term “LASER” is actually an acronym for Light Amplification by Stimulated Emission of Radiation. But how can light cut by having a steel plate?

How it laser cutter works?

The laser is a column of very high-intensity light, of a single wavelength, or color. In the case of a typical CO2 laser, that wavelength is in the Infra-Red area of the light spectrum, so that it is unseen to the eye. The beam is merely about 3/4 of the inches in diameter as it travels from the laser resonator, which creates the beam, through the machine’s beam path. It may be bounced in various directions by lots of mirrors, or “beam benders” before it is finally concentrated onto the dish. The focused laser beam undergoes the bore of any nozzle before it visits the dish. Also flowing during that nozzle bore is a compressed gas, such as Air or Nitrogen.

Why you need a laser cutter?

Focusing the laser beam can be done by a particular lens, or by the curved mirror, and this occurs in the laser beam cutting brain. The beam needs to be precisely focused so the shape of the concentrated spot and the denseness of the vitality in that place are perfectly round and reliable, and focused on the nozzle. By focusing the large beam right down to a single pinpoint, heat thickness at that location is extreme. Consider using a magnifying glass to focus natural sunlight onto a leaf, and how that can start an open fire. Now think about concentrating 6 KWatts of energy into a single spot, and you may imagine how hot that spot will get.

Burning up the process?

The high-power thickness results in immediate home heating, melting and partial or complete vaporizing of the material. When cutting gentle steel, the heat of the laser cutter is enough to begin a typical “oxy-fuel” burning up the process, and the laser slicing gas will be natural oxygen, just like an oxy-fuel torch. When slicing stainless or lightweight aluminum, the laser cutter beam simply melts the material, and high-pressure nitrogen can be used to blow the molten metallic out of the kerf.

  • On the CNC laser cutter, the laser cutting head is moved on the metal plate in the condition of the required part, thus reducing the part from the dish.
  • A capacitive level control system maintains a very appropriate distance between your end of the nozzle and the plate that is being sliced.
  • This distance is important since it determines where in fact the center point is in accordance with the top of the plate.
  • Lower quality can be damaged by elevating or cutting down the center point from right above the surface of the plate, at the top, or just below the top.

There are many, many other guidelines that affect slice quality as well, however, when all are managed properly, laser cutting is a stable, reliable, and incredibly accurate clipping process. Looking for the best fiber laser cutting machine see more here?…

Information about a Laser Engraving Machine

Laser engraving is one of the newest technologies that have been there for a short period of time. It is one of the best designing methods that most people use today because it is known to be accurate and at the same time clean.  2-D and 3-D are the standard and highest quality and this is in terms of the etching and laser cutting. Laser engraving machines play a very important roles and more especially in designing objects using lasers.  Some of the main things that are using in the laser engraving machines are the novel metal alloys and the laser-sensitive polymers.  Here are some of the things that you have to look for in order to get quality laser equipment.

  1. Epilog company website

The epilog company website can assist you to get the best laser engraving machine. These equipments come in a three tier range starting with the tier series to an advanced level known as the Fiber Mark level. The good thing about the starter series is that it has the ability to fit in high-level recreational. Some of the things that can make the laser engrave machine to function effectively are the level of production, range and size of materials. This makes it easy for the system to cut and engrave easily without any problem.

  1. High definition of quality

The needs of a company should be considered when looking for the best laser engraving machine.  The range of materials that the laser engraver is able to cut matters a lot and that is why you need to do a thorough research before purchasing one. Companies that have a high production unit are supposed to go for the top of the range fiber series. The reason for this is because they have the ability to cut and the same time engraves all types and kinds of metals. The laser etching devices are made in a way so that they are compatible with all kinds of computers and they are freely compatible. Most of these devices are compatible with any existing software including Coral DRAW and ADOBE design program.

  1. The cost of the laser engraving machines

It is very important to look at the cost of a laser before deciding to buy it. This will help you to budget well and know the amount of money that you have set aside to buy the laser engraving machine.  Laser engraving machines can be expensive but what you need to know is that the quality that they bring cannot be compared to their price. If you want to purchase a high quality laser engraving machine ensure you have around 60,000 to 70, 000 dollars. If you want a laser engraving machine of lower quality ensure you have around 10,000 to 12, 000 dollars.

The fiber laser cutting machine is another very important type of machine that you should not forget to look at when looking for the best machine to buy. A laser engraving device comes with its particulars there will be no much gamble when operating it.…

CO2 Laser Machines: Advantages and Optimizations for Label Cutting

One of  the purposes and benefits of the co2 laser engraver machine is to further customize post manufactured products.  And it can do so in very quick and detailed fashion.  The laser head much like a printer operates on an X and Y axis and can be operated using a PC.  The PC uses a laser interface or graphical program to ensure that the laser can navigate its way around the wood, metal or whatever material is being processed at the time.  Most manufactures will include a laser system for improving or customizing post productive work.  And some use a laser as part of their manufacturing process for creating parts instead of a cnc spindle or router.

Unlike a CNC there are no tools used on the laser system.  Many use it for the post manufacturing process.  And it’s one of many advantages to equipping your shop with a laser engraving machinery.

Label market

Market forecasters are prominent and predict a robust compound yearly growth rate (CAGR) of 6% (2016-2020) driven by emerging markets for pharmaceuticals, food/beverage containers, and cosmetics.

The co2 laser engraver machines can be bought in three separate parts, these been the laser, the surface and then the controller. It is vital to have all three of these components for you to proceed with any laser purchase. The laser is very similar to a pencil, in the sense of the tip been so fine and this is also to ensure that you get the best out of engraving to the point where it is neat and accurate.  The sharper the point the more detailed and intricate designs you can manufacture.

  • There is more than one sort of metals that you can engrave on, and then you find that you could do this on wood and plastics alike, then glass and stone too. This is one of the finer arts that you can make the best jewelry, and there are many creations that you could do with just a flip of a switch.

Optimized laser cutting of labels

In the tag cutting application, for maximum throughput, achieving the best absorption into the label material by the laser energy is paramount

Most of the laser cutter machine equipment that’s manufactured here are equipped with lasers that run with CO2 gas.   This produces a laser beam that’s possible to be implemented onto a variety of organic materials, like ceramics, marble, bamboo, rubber and Plexiglas and many more.  In fact Boss Laser has a number of laser cutting machines for creating signs, labels, and other custom modifications across a wide array of materials.

  • This would give you a variety of ways in which you could make gifts and at the same time add your personal touch. The idea of personalizing something is very appealing, and this would make known to the receiver of the gift that it is indeed from you. It is incredible to know what you can create by using one switch. More details here.


Co2 laser engraver has a demonstrated capability, in particular, for converting applications such as label cutting, where it is imperative to cut multiple, detailed shapes on the fly and with supreme precision.

If you are into fine art and creation the laser engraving machine is built to suit in that regard. The fine engravings that you routinely see from using this tool is something that you will find baffling. Laser engraving machines often give you the feeling of the possibilities of  making money in many ways.

With regards to labels, the best quality and throughput will be achieved when the laser wavelength is matched to a project’s specific film absorption characteristics as it relates to a co2 laser engraver.…